This.esearch is being conducted in labs and clinical canters across the country. Optical coherence tomography OCR. What treatments are available? Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes and a leading cause of blindness among working-age adults. Laser treatments may also be used. Women who have diabetes and become pregnant should have a comprehensive eye exam during the first trimester, and close follow-up with an eye doctor during pregnancy this recommendation does not apply to women who develop gestational diabetes . In untreated diabetic retinopathy, scar tissue that forms on the back of the retina as a result of a contraction of the new blood vessels can cause the retina to pull away from the back of the eye. Lucentis and Eylea are approved by the U.S. Annual eye exams are crucial for people with diabetes.
Although retinopathy usually does not appear for approximately five years after a type 1 diabetes diagnosis, it may already be present when type 2 diabetes is diagnosed. The next option is vitrectomy, which is surgery to remove scar tissue and cloudy fluid from inside the eye. Normal, healthy blood vessels do no leak. There are three main types of diabetic retinopathy: Non-proliferative retinopathy is an early form of the disease, where the retinal blood vessels leak fluid or bleed. If you had blurred vision from macular enema before surgery, the treatment might not return your vision to normal, but it's likely to reduce the chance the macular enema may worsen. Diagnosis of retinopathy is generally made by an eye specialist called an ophthalmologist.